Valle Alto del Lozoya
Gargantilla del Lozoya
The municipality is located in the left margin of the Lozoya River at the foot of the Carpetanos mountains and the mountain range's Somosierra. It is composed of two population centres, Gargantilla del Lozoya and Pinilla de Buitrago. The term limits conform to the topography of the mountains and the river, and on their land sits a rich vegetation consisting of Oaks, Ash, Oaks, Gall Oaks and natural grasslands. The paths that exist around the town allow us to enjoy this valuable natural environment, complemented by the rural heritage present in the two small towns as traditional dwellings, departments of agricultural and livestock use, old forges or ponies from branding.
Before the construction of the current dams of Lozoya River, the Centre of the village was interrupted by the traditional road called "The way of the postman", He communicated with Buitrago Rascafría.
In this Township lived Christian cultures, Arabic and Hebrew, as they tell us their numerous remains, Standing out among them the shrine of Santiago.
It was in this Chapel, declared as a historic site under the figure of protection of cultural interest in the year 2018, where the meeting took place in 1470 between Enrique IV of Castile who accompanied his daughter Juana and the French Embassy to officiate the marriage settlements between the count of Boulogne, representing the Duke of Guyenne, brother of the King of France, with the Princess Joanna, so I had 8 years. In that same Act, the Castilian nobles swore to the Princess Joanna as legitimate heir to the throne, what gave rise to the Civil war between the supporters of Juana and her aunt Elizabeth, which we know today as Isabel La Católica.