• The flower show in the Sierra Norte of Madrid

    The Sierra Norte de Madrid is, as we have already discussed on other occasions, a mosaic of ecosystems where numerous species come together, some of them, more typical of other latitudes due to its special location in the peninsular center. Because of this unique location, we can find, in addition to the species of these latitudes, some species more typical of the North and south of the peninsula. We present the flowers of the Sierra Norte de Madrid.

    Within this variety of ecosystems such as piedmont or holm oak, the oak grove or the pine forest among others, we find a multitude of flowers that associated with the undergrowth of each ecosystem give us every spring a symphony of colors, very special shapes and smells and that is accompanied in turn by a tiny fauna associated with these flowers.

    Then, we will make a brief introduction of the most representative flowers that we can see in some of these ecosystems, focusing on the most accessible and close to the populations, with the intention that you enter the forests, praderas o entornos de los pueblos para ver el espectáculo que muchas veces se nos escapa al no ser conscientes de estos pequeños tesoros.

    Sinfonía de colores que despierta en la Sierra Norte de Madrid

    Holm oaking:

    The spring season is brief in the holm oaks, so the flowers that populate the holm oaks rush to bloom before the heat deprives them of the moisture necessary for their development. Among them we can observe the following:

    peony (Peonia officinalis) and matagallinas (Peony broteroi). They are among the most characteristic and striking of this ecosystem due to their color and size (almost a meter high). The matagallina is endemic to Spain and are differentiated by the color of the stamens, in the common they are red while in the matagallinas it is yellow. Both are toxic.

    lavender (Lavandula stoechas). The cantueso can be found in isolation in the holm oaks or forming part of large areas, since they indicate the last stage of degradation of an holm oak. They are very aromatic so they are very appreciated by bees.

    Company (Orchis morio). Known in the mountains also as pipirigallo, son probablemente las orquídeas más frecuentes de la Sierra.


    peony (Peonia officinalis)


    lavender (Lavandula stoechas)

    flores compañon

    Company (Orchis morio)

    The oak forest:

    The oak grove is, along with the pine forest and the holm oak one of the most characteristic forests of the Sierra and the only one that has deciduous leaf, so its soil has a very nutritious humus. Many of the oak grove's flowers rush to bloom before the oak leaves deprive them of direct sunlight.

    Centaurea triumphetti; Very striking flower, the shape of its petals makes it unmistakable.

    asphodel (Asphodelus albus): Very numerous and easy to find, bloom in spring. They appear in the clear oak groves, as the meadows. They exceed the meter in height and are visited by a multitude of insects.

    columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris): Also called lanterns or upside-down clerics. It can be found in oak groves or meadows at a certain height, siempre con un grado alto de humedad.

    flores Centaurea

    Centaurea triumphetti

    flores gamon

    asphodel (Asphodelus albus)

    flores aguileña

    columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris)

    Surroundings of the villages, Roads, Crops, etc.:

    Thimble or digital (Digitalis purpurea): Appears in forest clearings, roads and rural environments. It is a biennial plant, grows in two years and has some toxicity, is used in the manufacture of drugs and has been used to treat heart problems. It can reach a meter in height.

    Fumaria (Fumaria officinalis): Its resemblance to a lit cigar makes us not forget its name, although it also receives other names such as sangre de cristo or palomilla. It attracts attention mainly for its colorful flowers, of a pink tone or fuchsia showy and alive.

    Viborera (Echium plantagineum): Su nombre proviene de falsa teoría popular que aseguraba que servía como antídoto para el veneno de las serpientes o de la forma de los estambres que al salir de la corola parecen la lengua de una serpiente.

    flores dedalera

    Thimble or digital (Digitalis purpurea)

    flores fumaria

    Fumaria (Fumaria officinalis)

    flores viborera

    Viborera (Echium plantagineum)

    The Sierra Norte de Madrid is The Other Madrid. Come and learn about this wonderful natural environment and learn about where to eat and where to sleep.

    Enjoy your plans as a family and remember that the Sierra Norte de Madrid welcomes responsible tourists.

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