Middle of the Lozoya valley
Villavieja del Lozoya
Villavieja del Lozoya is located in the Northwest area of the community of Madrid, over the Valley of the Lozoya River, in the left margin of this. The term covers a rugged terrain, with a more pronounced Northeast-Southeast slope in the northern half, where the dimensions vary between the 2100 m. and the 1000 m. on the banks of the river Sequillo. In the South are the core of Villavieja, the urbanization Los Llanos, the «third of la Laguna», The heads and the Canada. The rivers that cross the term are, the Lozoya River, Oak Brook, of the pools, throat, Arroyondo, of the Buitraguillo, and of Riosequillo. Four creeks and six washes cross the municipality. They must have been of great importance since the date of the term population. Two of them joined the core with the port Linera, to the North.
Its history begins with the pre-Roman, When Carpetanos and Vetones tribes inhabited this area in search of the development of livestock. The Muslim period also left us a trail as it is the case of the 13th century Mudéjar arch. Apparently, the original name of this term was Zarzoso acquiring the current to get the category of villa, añadiendo el apelativo «vieja» para diferenciarla de otra villa cercana posterior.