Ornithological destination

The Sierra Norte de Madrid, es la zona más natural y protegida de la Comunidad de Madrid, It comprises a wide and varied territory in which we can find, the National Park of the Sierra de Guadarrama, the Biosphere Reserve of the Sierra del Rincón the LIC Basin of the Lozoya River and Sierra Norte and the Special Protection Area for Birds "Alto Lozoya". All this makes the Sierra Norte de Madrid one of the best ornithological destinations in Spain, with a multitude of different ecosystems for the practice of the birdwatching. From the high peaks of the Sierra of Guadarrama National Park to the Oaks of the mountain ramp or the countryside of the Valley of the Jarama. Discover the ornithology Madrid in the Sierra Norte.


Scientific ringing

Banding into a scientific tool whose main objective is to obtain fundamental information about the biology and ecology of birds.

DATES 2021


Areas ornithology
High mountain

In the summits and the Sierra de Guadarrama mountain ropes, many more of 2000 m. altitude, You can see impressive birds of prey like the Eagle or Griffon Vultures flying over the cliffs and cut. Are also smaller birds such as the thrush Nightingale, the dunnock, the Alpine accentor, the Raven, the Crag, the Red-billed Chough, the Bunting or Wheatear. Paraíso de las aves y la ornitología Madrid.

El Pinar

This mass of conifers located between 1,500 m. and 2,100 m. altitude, large birds of prey such as the goshawk and Black Vulture build their nests. It is possible to observe the flight of the European honey-buzzard, and, other smaller birds such as woodpeckers, coal tits, the Jay, the Nuthatch, the treecreeper, the crested Capuchin or crossbill, they are in these trees shelter and food. Also here they inhabit important birds of prey at night as the long-eared OWL or OWL.

ornithology sierra norte de madrid
The oak forest

The oak forest occupies the slopes of the mountains below 1500 m. altitude, between the mountain ramp and wild pine forest. But not only Oaks, there are also, birches and holly scattered throughout the territory constitute a transitional zone that shelters many birds of different biotopes.
Birds of prey such as the common buzzard or Hawk live in oak; night as the tawny owl or scops owl, and as the common saithe smaller birds, the Red-backed Shrike, the pied Flycatcher, the crested, the myth, the Firecrest, the cuckoo or the Golden oriole.

The mountain ramp or Piedmont

The main protagonist of this area is the oak, even though it coexists with other species such as ash, eenebros de la miera, the sabina or the gall. It has a rich undergrowth and alternates with clearer areas of cultivation.
In this area, it is common to the presence of prey such as the kite and black kite, the booted Eagle, the short-toed eagle or the common buzzard. It is also possible to observe the Iberian imperial eagle and the night eagles such as the chotacabras, the tawny owl, scops owl or owls in the Rocky.
Other birds present in the mountain ramp are the hoopoe, the críalo, the Azure-Winged Magpie, the Red-legged Partridge, the Mexican notary, the stonechat, the common Shrike and the Wheatear, among others.

ornithology sierra madrid
The aquatic environment

Water has a special role in the Sierra Norte. In addition to five wetlands that is home to the sierra, the Lozoya and Jarama rivers are born in our mountains, giving rise to courses in Virgin waters that favor life to birds such as the washerwomen (White, Wagtail and grey wagtail), the Dipper, the Kingfisher, the common Nightingale or the Wren. To this must be added the Lakes of glacial origin of Peñalara, declared RAMSAR site under the name of wetlands of the massif of Peñalara.
In the marshes is easy to observe the Black-headed Gull, the great Cormorant, the grey heron, the common coot, the Mallard, the Shoveler, the great crested grebe or the Common Pochard.

ornithology madrid

La vega del Jarama

The Jarama vega is under the protection of the Natural Network 2000 like ZEPA cereal steppes from the Jarama and Henares rivers. It is an area of special quality and importance for the conservation of species of steppe birds. The predominant use of soil in THE SPA is that of cereal crops, contributing to the maintenance of its main bird populations: cinderella sting, common bustard, European carraca, kestle primilla, bargain ortega or common sison. On the other hand, the palustres formations associated with the Jarama River host various wintering bird populations.

Related experiences

Hides of large birds of prey in the Sierra de Guadarrama.

PRICE: 248€ per person

3 days, 2 nights.

Sierra del Guadarrama Reserve Centre

Birding in the Sierra de Guadarrama.

PRICE: 175€ per person

3days, 2 nights.

Sierra del Guadarrama Reserve Centre.

You may also be interested.

Following traces and traces of the inhabitants of the forest.

PRICE: 89€ per person.

2 days, 1 night

Sierra del Guadarrama Reserve Centre.

Great Ornithological Plans
Related tourist information

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