• necropolis de pradena

    Necropolis dating from the foundation of the church of Santo Domingo de Silos (Xii) located under the temple's northern atrium, Mudejar style


    Necropolis of the Church of Santo Domingo de Silos

    During the restoration and value of the parish church of Prádena del Rincón carried out by Heritage between the years 2011 and 2014, one of the most interesting examples of funeral art in the Community of Madrid. La necropolis de Pradena se encontró bajo el atrio de estilo mudéjar del templo, the north-facing. It is a necropolis dating back to the foundation of the church (Xii), with 96 tombs excavated in the rock, anthropomorphic-looking and looking east, towards the rising sun, as a symbol of resurrection. From the 17th century it ceased to be used as a cemetery and became a barn, to later become the social hall of Prádena del Rincón.

    Many of these niches are small in size, suggesting they were children's graves, given the high infant mortality of the time and the habit of burying infants, many of them died at birth, in the vicinity of the church, along with the women who died being maids. In these early graves, interesting remains were found that helped date the burials, like The Coins of Charon, character of the mythology of classical Greece by which the dead were buried with a coin to pay the boatman who crossed the Stigia lagoon and who, Popularly, became known as the "Cauldron of St. Peter".

    The necropolis of the church was used regularly from the 12th to the 15th century, and residually until the 17th century. The custom until the 18th century was to bury those who died in the same church, the closer to the High Altar the better, because it was understood that by having the deceased buried in a sacred space, with the rites that were performed there, were more protected to be resurrected in the sky.

    Until the 15th century, the shrouds were a simple white cloth, tied with laces or pins. From this date on, some ajuares got rich, becoming common among the clergy and the nobles bury themselves with religious habits and some jewel. For this reason, in the burials of the church of Prádena del Rincón were found other burial objects such as rosaries, scapulars and reliquaries, who had the function of serving as amulets to the deceased in transiting to the afterlife. Many of the objects found in both the early necropolis and the tombs inside the temple are displayed in a small museum enabled in the old church choir, that has been expanded to serve its new role, along with information panels of the architectural evolution of the building and old photographs of both the church and epicenter of the social life of Prádena del Rincón, as of the rehabilitation phases of the temple.



    Church Street, 12, 28191 Pradena del Rincon, Madrid


    The guided tour to the necropolis of the church of Santo Domingo de Silos takes place at the opening hours of the Tourist Office.



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