Valle Alto del Lozoya
The municipality of Navarredonda and San Mamés is located on the North-West edge of the Sierra Norte de Madrid, and is seated between the Montes Carpetanos and a hill known as El Chaparral. Robles, Ash, Oaks and scrubland composed of abundant aromatic species, They cover areas closer to the municipality and, as we ascend we already find pine forests and scrubland of height.
Both the town and the landscapes that make up the municipality speak to us of the traditional cattle farming. Neighborhood gardens, ancient carboneras, the Colt Horseshoe, the forge, and, a set of well-preserved traditional dwellings make up this outstanding rural environment of the Sierra.
Founded by the Arabs in the mid-11th century, these villages were born as small groups of shepherd's huts. It is believed that according to the Catastro del Marqués de Ensenada there were other municipalities already extinct such as Rendales and Reymoros.
Navarredonda was almost destroyed during the Spanish Civil War, going on to be evacuated during a bombardment between the two sides. Note, that St. Michael's Church, located in Navarredonda, was used during this period as a command post by the Republican side, so she suffered quite a bit of damage because the national side burned her and left her in ruins until she had to be fully rebuilt, along with the town hall and schools.