Middle of the Lozoya valley
Buitrago del Lozoya
Buitrago del Lozoya sits on a soft and pan landscape surrounded by the Lozoya River, at this point, it is regulated by reservoirs of Riosequillo and old bridge. The urban structure of the town speaks of its rich historical past, with an old town or medieval village located in its upper part, surrounded by walls of Arab origin fully consolidated as such in the late middle ages.
The town was mentioned for the first time in the Fuero de Sepúlveda, which promoted the territory of Buitrago restocking. At the end of the 11th century, Alfonso VI ordered its repopulation after the reconquista. The French occupation of the territory made than the population of the region and the walled area suffered severe damage. In the 19th century, they begin to disappear the manors, including Buitrago, by modifying its economic and legal structure. Subsequently, during the Spanish Civil War, several elements of its heritage suffer serious damage, as it is the case of the Church of San Juan, the Hospital of San Salvador and the Church of Santa Maria of the Castle.
The town of Buitrago was declared a historic-artistic and Cultural interest in 1993, due to its important fortress of Arabic origin, the best preserved of the community of Madrid.
Within this site we highlight the Church of Santa Maria of the Castle, the parish church of San Miguel, the Hospital of San Salvador, the Plaza del Castillo, the House of the Duke... Within this important heritage, Buitrago also has an extraordinary cultural reference, the Picasso Museum with a display of more of 65 parts which include ceramics, and abundant graphic works and drawings.